How to Diagnose and Treat Cataracts?

Home | Blog | How to Diagnose and Treat Cataracts?

By Admin

Hello Reader!

Welcome to the blog page of Pushpanjali Eye Care, one of the best eye hospitals in Kolkata. 

Cataracts are a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide, leading to blurred vision and, if left untreated, eventual blindness. At Pushpanjali Eye Care, the premier eye hospital in Kolkata, we specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cataracts. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the diagnosis process for cataracts, outlining the steps involved and the advanced techniques used at our facility.

Diagnosis of Cataracts:

Comprehensive Eye Examination:

best eye hospital in Kolkata, eye hospital in Kolkata

The cornerstone of cataract diagnosis lies in the thoroughness of our comprehensive eye examination. Led by our experienced ophthalmologists, this examination is designed to leave no stone unturned in evaluating the health of your eyes. Through a series of tests and evaluations, your eye doctor meticulously assesses various aspects of your vision and ocular structures. This includes scrutinizing your visual acuity, scrutinizing the lens for any signs of cloudiness indicative of cataract formation, and examining other ocular structures for potential abnormalities associated with cataracts.

Visual Acuity Test:

eye hospital in Kolkata

A pivotal component of the diagnosis process is the visual acuity test, also known as the eye chart test. This test serves as a fundamental measure of your visual clarity at different distances. By gauging your ability to read letters or symbols on an eye chart, our ophthalmologists can ascertain the extent to which cataracts have impaired your vision, guiding subsequent treatment decisions.

Slit-Lamp Examination:

Employing advanced techniques, such as slit-lamp examination, allows us to delve deeper into the intricacies of your eye’s anterior segment, including the lens. By directing a focused beam of light onto your eye, our ophthalmologists can magnify and scrutinize the lens for telltale signs of cloudiness or opacity characteristic of cataracts. This meticulous examination aids in precisely pinpointing the location and severity of cataract formation, laying the groundwork for personalized treatment strategies.

Dilated Eye Examination:

To gain a comprehensive view of your eye’s internal structures, a dilated eye examination is often performed. This involves administering specialized eye drops to dilate your pupils, facilitating a wider aperture for examination. With your pupils dilated, our ophthalmologists can conduct a more thorough assessment of the lens and other ocular structures, enabling them to accurately gauge the severity and location of cataracts.

Other Diagnostic Tests:

best eye hospital in Kolkata, eye hospital in Kolkata

In certain cases, additional diagnostic tests may be warranted to obtain a more nuanced understanding of the cataract’s characteristics and progression. Techniques such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) or ultrasound imaging may be employed to obtain detailed images of the lens and assess the extent of cataract formation. These advanced diagnostic modalities complement our comprehensive approach to cataract diagnosis, ensuring that no aspect of your eye health goes unnoticed.

Treatment Options:

Following the precise diagnosis of cataracts by our adept team at Pushpanjali Eye Care, a tailored treatment plan is meticulously crafted to address your individual needs and the severity of your condition. Our esteemed ophthalmologists will guide you through the available treatment options, ensuring informed decision-making and optimal visual outcomes.

Cataract Surgery:

Cataract surgery stands as the gold standard in the treatment of cataracts, offering unparalleled effectiveness in restoring vision compromised by the cloudy lens. This transformative procedure involves the surgical removal of the clouded lens from the eye, followed by the implantation of a clear artificial intraocular lens (IOL). At Pushpanjali Eye Care, we pride ourselves on our commitment to excellence in cataract surgery, leveraging advanced techniques and state-of-the-art technology to deliver superior outcomes for our patients.


Phacoemulsification represents a groundbreaking advancement in cataract surgery, characterized by its minimally invasive nature and precision-driven approach. During this procedure, a specialized ultrasonic device is utilized to fragment the cloudy lens into tiny fragments, which are then gently suctioned out of the eye. This meticulous process ensures minimal trauma to the surrounding tissues and facilitates rapid visual recovery, allowing patients to resume their daily activities with minimal downtime.

Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery:

Pushing the boundaries of innovation, femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery heralds a new era in the field of ophthalmology. This cutting-edge technique harnesses the power of femtosecond laser technology to perform key steps of the cataract surgery procedure with unparalleled precision and reproducibility. By utilizing laser energy to create precise incisions, fragment the cataractous lens, and facilitate capsulotomy, this advanced approach enhances surgical predictability and optimizes visual outcomes. At Pushpanjali Eye Care, we are proud to offer femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery as part of our comprehensive cataract treatment repertoire, ensuring our patients receive the highest standard of care.


1. How are cataracts diagnosed?

  • Cataracts are typically diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination conducted by an ophthalmologist. This examination includes tests such as visual acuity tests, slit-lamp examinations, and dilated eye examinations to assess the clarity of vision, examine the lens for cloudiness, and evaluate other ocular structures for signs of cataracts.
  1. What are the symptoms of cataracts?
  • Symptoms of cataracts may include blurry or cloudy vision, sensitivity to light, difficulty seeing at night, seeing halos around lights, and faded or yellowed colors. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult an eye care professional for a thorough evaluation.
  1. Can cataracts be treated without surgery?
  • While there are no medications or non-surgical treatments to reverse cataracts, early-stage symptoms can sometimes be managed with prescription glasses or contact lenses to improve vision. However, cataract surgery is the only effective treatment to remove cataracts and restore clear vision.
  1. What does cataract surgery involve?
  • Cataract surgery is a common and relatively safe procedure that involves removing the cloudy lens from the eye and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). The surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis and often takes less than 30 minutes to complete. Patients usually experience improved vision shortly after the procedure.
  1. What are the different types of cataract surgery?
  • There are several types of cataract surgery, including phacoemulsification and femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. Phacoemulsification is the most common technique, which uses ultrasound energy to break up and remove the cloudy lens. Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery utilizes laser technology to perform certain steps of the procedure with increased precision. Your eye surgeon will determine the most suitable approach based on your individual needs and the severity of your cataracts.


At Pushpanjali Eye Care, the leading eye hospital in Kolkata, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive eye care services, including the diagnosis and treatment of cataracts. If you are experiencing symptoms of cataracts or have concerns about your eye health, don’t hesitate to schedule a consultation with our experienced ophthalmologists. With our expertise, we are committed to helping you achieve clear vision and optimal eye health.