What is Cataract: Symptoms, Treatments, and Preventions?

Home | Blog | What is Cataract: Symptoms, Treatments, and Preventions?

By Admin

Hello Reader!

Welcome to the blog page of Pushpanjali Eye Care, one of the best eye hospitals in Kolkata. Here in this blog, we will share with you the details about cataracts their symptoms, treatments, and preventions.

Cataract, a prevalent eye ailment affecting millions globally, poses a significant threat to vision health and, if untreated, can result in blindness. In this comprehensive discourse, Pushpanjali Eye Hospital in Kolkata illuminates the intricacies of cataracts, encompassing symptoms, treatment modalities, and preventive strategies. As a distinguished eye care institution in Kolkata, our mission is to disseminate valuable insights and deliver top-tier eye care services.

What is a Cataract?

best eye hospital in Kolkata, eye hospital in Kolkata

what is cataract , cataract surgery , cataract treatment in Kolkata , best eye hospital in Kolkata , cataract surgery in Kolkata , pushpanjali eye care

A cataract refers to the clouding of the eye’s natural lens, resulting in impaired vision characterized by distortion or dimness. Although cataracts commonly emerge as part of the aging process, various factors such as genetic predisposition, specific medications, and underlying health conditions can contribute to their formation. This opacity in the lens obstructs the passage of light to the retina, thereby compromising visual clarity and acuity. 

As cataracts progress, individuals may experience a gradual decline in vision, making daily tasks increasingly challenging. Recognizing the onset of cataracts and seeking timely intervention is crucial for preserving visual function and quality of life. At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital in Kolkata, we specialize in diagnosing and treating cataracts, ensuring personalized care and optimal outcomes for our patients. With our expertise and state-of-the-art technology, we strive to alleviate the impact of cataracts and restore clear vision, empowering individuals to lead fulfilling lives.

Symptoms of Cataract

what is cataract , cataract surgery , cataract treatment in Kolkata , best eye hospital in Kolkata , cataract surgery in Kolkata , pushpanjali eye care


Identifying the early symptoms of cataracts is essential for prompt diagnosis and intervention to preserve optimal vision health. These common indicators encompass a range of visual disturbances that may gradually worsen over time:

  1. Blurred or Cloudy Vision: One of the hallmark signs of cataracts is a gradual decline in visual clarity, leading to blurred or hazy vision. Objects may appear fuzzy or unclear, even with corrective lenses.
  2. Sensitivity to Light and Glare: Individuals with cataracts often experience heightened sensitivity to light, making it uncomfortable to be exposed to bright or glaring light sources. This sensitivity may manifest as squinting or discomfort in brightly lit environments.
  3. Nocturnal Vision Impairment: Cataracts can significantly impair vision in low-light conditions, such as during nighttime or in dimly lit environments. This can make it challenging to navigate and perform tasks in settings with reduced illumination.
  4. Diminished Perception of Colors: Another common symptom of cataracts is a gradual loss of color perception. Colors may appear faded, dull, or less vibrant than usual, making it difficult to distinguish between shades and hues.
  5. Double Vision in One Eye: Cataracts can cause double vision or ghosting of images, particularly in one eye. This phenomenon occurs when the clouded lens refracts light unevenly, resulting in overlapping or duplicated images.
  6. Frequent Alterations in Prescription Glasses: Individuals with cataracts may notice frequent changes in their prescription glasses as their vision continues to deteriorate. Despite updating their eyewear, they may still experience persistent visual disturbances.


best eye hospital in Kolkata, eye hospital in Kolkata

what is cataract , cataract surgery , cataract treatment in Kolkata , best eye hospital in Kolkata , cataract surgery in Kolkata , pushpanjali eye care

Treatments for Cataracts

  1. Surgical Intervention: Cataracts can be effectively treated through surgical procedures. At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, our skilled ophthalmologists specialize in performing cataract surgery using advanced techniques and state-of-the-art equipment.
  2. Cataract Surgery: Cataract surgery is a routine and safe procedure aimed at restoring clear vision. During the surgery, the clouded natural lens of the eye is carefully removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). This replacement lens serves to restore visual clarity and functionality.
  3. Cutting-Edge Technology: Our hospital employs cutting-edge technology and innovative surgical techniques to ensure precise and effective cataract removal. This includes advanced imaging systems and microsurgical instruments, allowing for optimal surgical outcomes and patient satisfaction.
  4. Personalized Treatment: Each patient’s condition is unique, and we prioritize personalized care to address their specific needs. Our team of experienced ophthalmologists conducts thorough assessments and develops customized treatment plans tailored to individual requirements.
  5. Premier Eye Care: At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, our unwavering dedication to providing premier eye care in Kolkata ensures that patients receive the highest standard of treatment and attention. From pre-operative evaluations to post-operative care, we strive to deliver comprehensive and compassionate services to enhance vision and improve quality of life.

Preventive Measures


While cataracts predominantly manifest with age, adopting certain preventive measures can forestall their onset:

Embrace a Healthy Lifestyle

Cultivating a healthy lifestyle is paramount for maintaining optimal eye health and reducing the risk of cataracts. This includes:

  • Consuming a Nutrient-Rich Diet: Incorporating foods rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, can help protect the eyes from oxidative damage and support overall eye health.
  • Engaging in Regular Physical Activity: Regular exercise promotes circulation and cardiovascular health, which are vital for maintaining healthy eyes. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
  • Abstaining from Smoking: Smoking has been linked to an increased risk of cataracts and other eye conditions. Quitting smoking or avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke can significantly reduce the likelihood of developing cataracts.

UV Protection

Shielding your eyes from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays is crucial for reducing the risk of cataracts and other eye-related issues. Here’s how you can protect your eyes:

  • Wear Sunglasses: Invest in high-quality sunglasses that offer 100% UV protection. Look for sunglasses labeled with UV400 or 100% UV protection to ensure maximum coverage against both UVA and UVB rays.
  • Choose Wraparound Styles: Opt for sunglasses with wraparound frames or large lenses to provide additional protection by minimizing exposure to UV rays from the sides.

Routine Eye Examinations

best eye hospital in Kolkata, eye hospital in Kolkata

Regular eye examinations play a pivotal role in early detection and intervention for various eye conditions, including cataracts. Here’s why routine eye check-ups are essential:

  • Early Detection: Routine eye exams enable early detection of cataracts and other eye disorders, allowing for prompt intervention and treatment.
  • Comprehensive Evaluation: During an eye exam, an ophthalmologist or optometrist will assess various aspects of your eye health, including visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and the health of the lens and retina.
  • Personalized Care: Regular visits to esteemed eye care centers like Pushpanjali Eye Hospital in Kolkata ensure that you receive personalized care and tailored treatment plans to address any underlying eye health concerns effectively.

Why Choose Pushpanjali Eye Hospital?

As a revered eye care establishment in Kolkata, Pushpanjali Eye Hospital is steadfast in furnishing comprehensive eye care services. Our adept team of ophthalmologists, armed with state-of-the-art technology, ensures precise diagnosis and efficacious treatment. Specializing in cataract surgery, we deliver personalized care aimed at enhancing vision and enriching the quality of life for our esteemed patients.


  1. What is a cataract, and how does it affect vision?

A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, leading to vision distortion or dimness. This cloudiness obstructs the passage of light to the retina, resulting in blurred or hazy vision, difficulty seeing in low-light conditions, and reduced color perception.

  1. What are the common symptoms of cataracts?

Common symptoms of cataracts include blurred or cloudy vision, sensitivity to light and glare, difficulty seeing at night, fading or yellowing of colors, double vision in one eye, and frequent changes in prescription glasses.

  1. What are the treatment options available for cataracts?

The primary treatment for cataracts is surgical intervention. Cataract surgery involves removing the clouded lens and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) to restore clear vision. At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, our experienced ophthalmologists perform state-of-the-art cataract surgery using advanced techniques and equipment.

  1. Can cataracts be prevented?

While cataracts are often age-related, certain preventive measures can help delay their onset. These include maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet rich in antioxidants, regular exercise, avoiding smoking, protecting your eyes from harmful UV rays by wearing sunglasses and scheduling routine eye exams for early detection and timely intervention.

  1. How do I know if I need cataract surgery?

If you experience symptoms such as blurry vision, difficulty reading or driving, glare from lights, or frequent changes in prescription glasses, it’s essential to consult an eye care professional for a comprehensive eye examination. Based on the severity of your cataracts and their impact on your daily life, your ophthalmologist will recommend the appropriate treatment, including cataract surgery if necessary.


Cataracts, though prevalent, are a manageable ocular ailment that can significantly impede daily functioning. Recognizing symptoms, seeking timely treatment, and embracing preventive measures constitute pivotal strides in preserving optimal eye health. At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, we epitomize excellence in eye care in Kolkata, committed to providing unparalleled vision care services to our community. Entrust us with your ocular health concerns, and allow us to guide you toward a clearer and brighter future. Visit Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, the preeminent eye care institution in Kolkata, for expert care and bespoke solutions to your vision-related queries. Your vision is our utmost priority.