What is Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment?

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By Admin

Hello Reader!

Welcome to the blog of  Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, where we are dedicated to preserving your vision and providing the best possible eye care in Kolkata. In this comprehensive blog, we aim to shed light on glaucoma, a group of eye conditions that can lead to vision loss if left untreated. By exploring its causes, symptoms, and treatment options, we hope to empower you with the knowledge to protect your precious eyesight.

What is Glaucoma?

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Understanding Glaucoma

Glaucoma represents a progressive eye ailment marked by the deterioration of the optic nerve, frequently correlated with heightened intraocular pressure (IOP). This elevation in pressure can gradually inflict damage to one’s vision and, if left unaddressed, could culminate in irreversible blindness. Aptly coined as the “silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is notorious for advancing stealthily, often evading detection until its advanced stages. Thus, emphasizing the significance of routine eye evaluations at a reputable eye hospital in Kolkata becomes imperative for timely identification and adept management of this condition.

Key Aspects of Glaucoma

Understanding the nuanced intricacies of glaucoma is pivotal for fostering awareness and facilitating proactive measures to combat its detrimental effects. By recognizing its underlying mechanisms, such as elevated intraocular pressure and optic nerve damage, individuals can prioritize regular eye check-ups as a preventive measure against potential vision loss. As glaucoma predominantly operates surreptitiously, early intervention facilitated by comprehensive screenings at esteemed eye hospitals like ours in Kolkata can significantly bolster the prospects of effective treatment and vision preservation.

Causes of Glaucoma:

  • Imbalance in Aqueous Humor
      • Glaucoma often stems from an imbalance in the production and drainage of aqueous humor, the fluid within the eye. When this fluid fails to drain properly, it accumulates, resulting in increased intraocular pressure (IOP). Over time, this elevated pressure can inflict damage on the optic nerve, leading to glaucoma.
  • Age-related Factors
      • Advancing age is a significant risk factor for glaucoma, particularly in individuals over the age of 60. As age increases, the risk of developing glaucoma also rises, underscoring the importance of regular eye examinations, especially among the elderly population.
  • Genetic Predisposition
      • Genetics plays a pivotal role in predisposing individuals to glaucoma. A family history of the condition significantly increases one’s susceptibility, highlighting the importance of genetic screening and familial awareness in identifying individuals at risk.
  • Eye Conditions
      • Certain pre-existing eye conditions, such as myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness), can elevate the risk of developing glaucoma. Individuals with these conditions should undergo regular eye check-ups to monitor their eye health and detect any signs of glaucoma early on.
  • Underlying Medical Conditions
      • Medical conditions like diabetes and hypertension can contribute to the development of glaucoma. These systemic conditions can affect the overall health of the eye and increase intraocular pressure, thereby exacerbating the risk of optic nerve damage and glaucoma progression.
  • Ethnic Predispositions
    • Certain ethnic groups, including individuals of African, Hispanic, and Asian descent, are at a heightened risk of developing glaucoma. This ethnic predisposition underscores the importance of targeted screening and early intervention initiatives within these populations to mitigate the burden of glaucoma-related vision loss.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

  • Asymptomatic Progression
      • Glaucoma often advances stealthily in its early stages, with no overt symptoms evident to the individual. This silent progression underscores the importance of routine eye examinations, particularly for individuals at risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Blurred Vision
      • As glaucoma advances, individuals may notice a gradual deterioration in their vision, characterized by blurred or hazy vision. This blurriness can affect central or peripheral vision and may worsen over time if left untreated.
  • Severe Eye Pain
      • In some cases, individuals with glaucoma may experience intense eye pain, often described as a deep, throbbing sensation. This pain may be accompanied by headaches and nausea, further exacerbating discomfort and impacting overall quality of life.
  • Halos Around Lights:
      • Glaucoma can cause visual disturbances such as halos or glare around lights, particularly in low-light conditions. These halos may appear as shimmering rings or circles around light sources, impairing visual clarity and perception.
  • Sudden Vision Disturbances
      • Individuals with glaucoma may experience sudden changes in their vision, especially when transitioning between light environments. These disturbances may manifest as fleeting episodes of vision loss or visual fluctuations, highlighting the dynamic nature of glaucoma-related symptoms.
  • Gradual Peripheral Vision Loss
      • As glaucoma progresses, individuals may notice a gradual loss of peripheral (side) vision, often referred to as tunnel vision. This narrowing of the visual field can significantly impact spatial awareness and mobility, posing safety risks in daily activities.
  • Increased Sensitivity to Light
      • Glaucoma can heighten sensitivity to light, causing discomfort or irritation in brightly lit environments. Individuals may find themselves squinting or shielding their eyes from light sources to alleviate discomfort.
  • Decreased Contrast Sensitivity
      • Glaucoma can diminish contrast sensitivity, making it challenging to distinguish between objects of similar shades or colors. This reduction in contrast perception can impact tasks such as reading, driving, and navigating unfamiliar environments.
  • Visual Distortions
    • In advanced stages of glaucoma, individuals may experience visual distortions, such as straight lines appearing wavy or distorted. These distortions can significantly impair visual acuity and hinder daily activities requiring accurate perception.

Treatment Options at Pushpanjali Eye Hospital

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Early detection is paramount for effective glaucoma management. At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, the best eye hospital in Kolkata, our experienced ophthalmologists utilize advanced diagnostic tools to detect glaucoma in its initial stages. Treatment options may include prescription eye drops or oral medications to lower intraocular pressure, laser therapy procedures like laser trabeculoplasty to improve fluid drainage, microsurgery such as trabeculectomy to create new drainage channels, and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) with shorter recovery times. Regular monitoring and follow-ups are crucial to track disease progression and adjust treatment plans as needed.

Why Choose Pushpanjali Eye Hospital?

At Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, we pride ourselves on our commitment to excellence, combining expertise, advanced technology, and compassionate care to deliver the best outcomes for our patients. Our dedicated team of ophthalmologists and support staff are passionate about preserving your vision and enhancing your overall eye health.


In the pursuit of maintaining healthy eyes, knowledge is key. Understanding glaucoma, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options empowers you to take proactive steps toward eye care. Whether you’re experiencing vision-related issues or are due for a routine eye check-up, trust Pushpanjali Eye Hospital, the best eye hospital in Kolkata, to provide comprehensive and personalized care tailored to your unique needs. Your vision is our priority, and we’re here to support you every step of the way.